Do you suffer from gout? Does your family have a history of gout? Are you concerned that you may be at a higher risk of getting this condition? If so, then why not let thefitmap.com answer your queries and calm your nerves.
Gout is a condition that affects your body's entire system. A higher level of uric acid within the blood causes the development of gout. Often referred to as hyperuricemia, this health condition occurs because of an overproduction of uric acid by the liver.
The body is then unable to excrete the excess acid in the urine. This condition is also perpetuated by an individual's diet - particularly one that involves very rich foods. The kidneys are then unable to filter the blood and get rid of the excess uric acid. As the uric acid accumulates and crystallizes in the joints (usually the ankle and the big toe or hallux), swelling, pain and reduced range of motion results.
Hyperuricemia affects approximately 18% of those individuals who have a family history of this health concern. Post-menopausal women and men between the ages of 40 and 50 are also typically affected. The presence of other diseases, such as sickle cell anemia, kidney disease, diabetes, and obesity also increases the chances of developing this condition. Specific prescription drugs and other pharmaceuticals can also prevent the body from effectively expelling uric acid. These include aspirin, diuretics, cyclosporine (utilized following an organ transplant), and levodopa (treatment for Parkinson's disease).
In order to diagnose this condition, a small sample of synovial fluid (fluid surrounding affected joints) must be withdrawn. This fluid is then analyzed in order to determine if there is a high level of bacteria and/or uric acid. Treating this condition involves taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs). Joints can also be injected with corticosteroids, which can be taken orally. Modifications to an individual's diet may also be necessary. Such changes would involve avoiding rich foods and working to increase overall nutrition. Of course, all lifestyle changes, whether they are dietary or medical, must be done with the careful guidance of a medical professional.